|Image: the "entrance" to the Aach spring.|
|path of the water from the Danube sink |
|length || 11.7 km|
|downward slope || 1.5 %|
|velocity || 195 m/h|
|average || 8,590 l/s|
|max || 24,100 l/s|
|min || 1,310 l/s|
|length || 400 m|
|depth (below water level of the spring) || 18 m|
|altitude || 481 m asl|
|catchment area || 240 km²|
|amount of limestone in the water || 3,000 m³|
|Image: the spring itself. Below the bridge the cave starts.|
|1705||a loss of water between Immendingen and Möhringen is first mentioned.|
|1719||first hypothesis about an connection between Aach spring and Danube sink.|
|1886||ein Helmtaucher erkundet den Eingangsbereich des Aachtopfes.|
|1962||Jochen Hasenmayer dives 300 m into the Aach spring cave.|
|1963||mortal accident of an diver in the Aach spring cave.|
|1969||Jochen Hasenmayer dives 400 m into the Aach spring cave.|
|1979||mortal accident of an diver in the Aach spring cave.|
|mid 80s||Harald Schetter revives exploration of the cave.|
The Aachtopf (Aach spring) is the resurgence of the
This was proved by a dyeing experiment.
The water is swallowed in Malm beta reappears in the Aach spring in Malm zeta.
This means, the water flows from the older and lower strata into the
younger and higher strata.
The explanation is easy: the layers fall steeper than the karst water table.
|Image: the other direction, view down the Aach river.|
The time, the water needs from the Danube to the Aach spring, is rather short.
During this time, the water changes its temperature only a little bit, the
temperature of the spring water depends very much on the temperature of the
And of course, the water looses very little of its contents, unlike water in
detritus, which is cleared by microorganisms.
All this facts proof the existence of a huge cave system betweendanube and Aach
Its not really sure, they are big enough to allow humans to enter them, but it
is very likely.
The Aach spring forms a small lake, similar to the one at the
but unlike the Blautopf, this spring is not deep with a cave at the bottom.
The lake and the cave are rather shallow.
The first one to explore the cave was Jochen Hasenmayer, the most famous
German cave diver.
He exploerd 1962 300 m of the cave, and in a second try 1969 he diver 100 m
He found that the cave runs straight to the North.
At 130 m he discovered a big chamber, which he named
Strömungsbahnhof (train station of the stream).
In 1971 he discovered
and other dripstones at 17 m below water level, which proofs that this cave once was a
only partially filled with water.
In the neighbourhood of the Aachtopf are 11 more little springs, most of them
inside the Aach river, some at the shores of the river.