Cueva de Belmaco

Parque Arqueológico de Belmaco


Useful Information

Location: Near Malpaíses. Villa de Mazo. Barranco de La Chicharra. 9km from the airport.
Open:  
Fee:  
Classification: ExplainLava Tube
Light: n/a
Dimension: A=400m asl.
Guided tours:  
Photography:  
Accessibility:  
Bibliography:  
Address: Cueva de Belmaco.
As far as we know this information was accurate when it was published (see years in brackets), but may have changed since then.
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History

18th cty discovered by the Spanish.
1752 visited by Domingo Van de Walle de Cervellón, the mititary governor of of La Palma.
1959 excavation by L. Diego Cuscoy.
1961 excavation by L. Diego Cuscoy.
1974 excavation by Dr. Mauro Hernández Pérez.
1979 excavation by Dr. Mauro Hernández Pérez.
1984 declared a Monumento Histórico - Artístico (Historic Monument).
1991 archaeological museum inaugurated.
25-MAR-1999 Parque Arqueológico de Belmaco inaugurated.

Description

Cueva de Belmaco, inhabited by the Guanche, is today an archaeological park. The life a culture of the Canarian natives is explained in and around the cave. The cave is a huge shelter, which is interpreted as the audience hall of a local king. Of course, this interpretation is more or less fantasy, as the archaeological evidence does not exist.

After the occupation of the Canarian Islands by the Spanish, this cave was used as a workshop, a stable, a barn, and at last as the place of catholic passion plays. The stone oven in the cave was built much later, probably while it was used as a workshop. The cave engraving in and around the cave are of Guanche origin.

Beneath the main cave there are numerous other caves, which are interpreted as dying caves. The old guanche were brought into the cave when they were dying, and then walled alive into the cave.