|Location:||Orvieto. Piazza Duomo n.24.|
JAN daily 11, 12:15, 16, 17:15.
FEB Sat, Sun 11, 12:15, 16, 17:15. ( )
MAR to JUL daily 11, 12:15, 16, 17:15. ( )
AUG daily 11-17:15, tours every 15 minutes. ( )
SEP to DEC daily 11, 12:15, 16, 17:15. ( )
After appointment tours in:
|Fee:||Adults EUR 5.50, Students EUR 3.50. Groups (20+): Adults EUR 4.50. |
|Classification:||Cave House Rock Mine Cellar|
|Dimension:||approx 1,200 different caves.|
|Address:||Informazioni Turistiche, Piazza Duomo n.24, Orvieto. Orvieto Underground, Tel: +39-763-344891, Cell: 339-7332764|
|Last update:||$Date: 2011/12/13 08:58:23 $|
|500 BC||first caves excavated.|
Orvieto has a second city beneath, the Città Sotterranea or Orvieto Underground. The cliff on which the city stands is riddled with an enormous number of artificial caves. The caves were used for almost all possible purposes, tunnels, galleries, cisterns, wells, quarries and cellars. The reason is the special rock, the cliff is formed of. It is both soft, which means easy to dig, and stable enough, not to cave in.
The guided tour shows numerous of the most interesting caves. The colombari (dove houses) are rooms with all walls covered with small rectangular holes. It very much resembles a dove house. The next stop are the Pozzolana Quarries, were rock for the buildings of the city above was quarried. There is even an underground oil-press.
The temperature and humidity in the caves made them extraordinary cellars. They were used for many kinds of food, olive oil and wine. Orvieto was known in antiquity as Oinarea (where wine flows).
The Parco Delle Grotte, located 100m from Piazza Duomo, is a cultural center of the city. Beneath the broad landscaped terraces with the shade of tall pines, and the sweeping panorama over the countryside below, there is one extraordinary benefit. A large cave offers refuge in case of bad weather. It is a favourite location for concerts, performances, meetings, and ceremonies of various kinds.
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