Serbia - About the Country

The former Socialist Republic of Yugoslavia was a socialist country, a result of World War II, solidified by the Cold War, and one single man of course: Josip Broz called Tito. With the end of the Cold War, Perestroika and the Wiedervereinigung in Germany, the separatist war in Yugoslavia started. The different ethnic groups in the former multi-ethnic country tried to get, what they thought was freedom.

This site is dedicated to caves and subterranea, so we do not make political statements. But we have grouped the underground sights by country, by political borders. In the case of Yugoslavia this approach is a bit difficult. The borders in this area changed rapidly over a decade. But as it seems now, that this process has come to an end. No remains of Yugoslavia are left and for some year there has been no war. We will use the borders of the year 2010 as a basis of our description.

Several countries of former Yugoslavia were more or less inaccessible for two decades, and it is still difficult to travel those countries. We heard about ex military personell demanding toll from travellers. We do not judge this rumours, but as a matter of fact there is not much travel into Serbia and not much information about caves published around the world. We will do our best to provide information about this area, although it will be mostly pre war (before 1989).

Today Yugoslavia does not exist any more. Slovenia is an independent country since 1989, immediatley after the begin of the war. The next was Croatia (1991). Then the Bosnian War (1992–1995) started and Bosnia and Herzegovina were war zone. Serbia tried to keep a last piece of Yugoslavia by keeping Serbia, Montenegro, and Kosovo together. But after Montenegro became independent in 2006 the name Yugoslavia finally ended. The country became the Republika Srbija (Republic of Serbia) 2006. After Kosovo finally separated in 2008 only the core of Serbia remains.