|Location:||At the White River, 1 Km from Kuallomat. Shulgan-Tash Preserve, Burzyansky Region.|
S.R. Rabdullin, M.Y. Sharipova ():
Studies of alga in the Shulgan-Tash (Kapova) Cave, South Ural, Russia,
Cave and Karst Science, Vol 31 (2) pp 83 - 86.
|Address:||Kapova Cave, Tel: +7-, Fax: +7-,|
|As far as we know this information was accurate when it was published (see years in brackets), but may have changed since then.
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|1760||described by P. I. Rychkov in one of his historic-geographical works about Priuralje.|
|1959||first archaeologic exploration, A. V. Ryumin discovered palaeolithic paintings on the cave walls.|
Kapova Cave is a famous russian paleolithic cave. It has painted mammoths, rhinos, horses and a bison on its walls. The were dated by O. N. Bader to be from the end of the Upper Palaeolithic.
The cave has two levels, the paintings are mainly in the upper level at some distance from the entrance. This fact is typical for palaeolithic paintings and a source for fantastic speculations about the meaning of the paintings.
Excavations revealed a layer with human remains, debris form the wall paintings, animal bones and charcoal. The charcoal was dated with the C14 method to be 14,680 + 150 years old. Among the animal bones were cave bear bones.
Actually Kapova Cave is a complex natural monument with multiple grottos and halls connected by passages on various levels. The walls of the cave are rich in calcite deposits of all kinds of forms and sizes. An underground river is flowing out of the cave and forms the Blue Lake at its entrance. It is named after the blue colour of the water, caused by the high amount of limestone in the water, which is best seen on sunny days around midday, when sunlight shines into the cave and on the lake.