Karain Mağarası

Black Cave


Useful Information

Location: In Yagca Village. 30km NW of Antalya. From Antalya follow the old road to Burdur, turn left after 5km at Karain sign.
Open:  
Fee:  
Classification:  Karst cave.
Light: electric.
Dimension: A=450m.
Guided tours:  
Photography:  
Accessibility:  
Bibliography:  
Address: Tel: +90-, Fax: +90-
Last update:$Date: 2013/04/25 23:04:44 $

History

 
1946first archaeological excavation.

Description

This cave is famous for the numerous paleolithic remains found here, some dated to be 160,000 years old. Beneath human remains, the bones of cave bear (Ursus spelaeus) and horses were discovered. Most of the finds are about 50,000 years old, when the cave was used as a shelter for some time. The findings can be visited in a little museum at the entrance of Karain Cave. But most of the artifacts are now in various museums throughout Turkey. The pre-history section of Antalya Museum shows more finds.

The cave is located about 50m above the plains at the foot of a cliff. The road from Antalya crosses the fertile plain, folowing the chain of mountains which rises abruptly from the plain. Finally, at the end of the road is a parking with the museum. After paying the fee, and a short visit to the small museum, it is left through the rear entrance where the trail to the cave starts. It takes about ten minutes to walk up the steep path to the cave. The view becomes more and more impressive, the karst spings at the foot of the mountains are easily visible. The rocks are typical for karst showing karren, limestone pavements and other traces of solution. Because of the lack of soil, the limestone give the mountains the typical grey colour.

The cave is protected by a high fence. In front of the cave, at the foot a cliff, is a sort of terrace. It is probably a result of the excavations, but it is easy to understand, why prehistoric man used this place, with its view, the protection from weather by the cliff and by the cave. The excavations took place in front of the cliff and in the first section of the cave. This small chamber is probably the most intensive excavated part, as about eight to ten meters have been removed by now.


See also


Main Index | Turkey | Taurus Mountains
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