At Barra Honda, Barra Honda National Park, Province of Guanacaste.
22km north east of Nicoya City.
From San José Interamerican Highway (CA-1) north. Follow the signs to the new Tempisque bridge (Puenta la Amistad). On the other side southwest 15km, turn right towards the villages of Barra Honda and Santa Ana, and follow signs for the park entrance. The park headquarters is through the gate (closed at dusk) 1km up a good gravel road on the left.
Gate: all year daily 8-dusk.
Cave: DEC to APR daily.
Advance booking for groups required.
Park: Adults USD 7.
Barra Honda National Park Caves Tour: Per Person USD 129.
|Light:||helmets with lamps provided.|
|Dimension:||L=92m, VR=41m, A=380m asl.|
|Guided tours:||VR=41m, L=110m.|
Andrés Ulloa, Carlos Goicoechea (2013):
Geotourism potential of underground sites in Costa Rica,
Tourism and Karst Areas. 6. 43-56.
National System of Conservation Areas (SINAC), De la Casa Italia, 250 metros al sur, frente al Laboratorio JR Sánchez. San José, Tel: +506-283-8004, Fax: +506-283-7343.
Area de Conservacion Tempisque (ACT), Apdo 14-5750, Bagaces, Tel: +506-671-1062, Fax: +506-671-1290.
Area de Conservacion Tempisque (ACT), Nicoya, Tel: +506-686-6760, Tel: +506-686-6760.
Barra Honda National Park, Los Laureles ranger station, Tel: +506-685-5667, Fax: +506-685-5276
|As far as we know this information was accurate when it was published (see years in brackets), but may have changed since then.
Please check rates and details directly with the companies in question if you need more recent info.
|23-FEB-1969||cave discovered by the caving group GE.CMCR.|
|03-SEP-1974||Barra Honda National Park created.|
|1993||two German tourists got lost and died of dehydration in the park.|
|2002||metal ladder into entrance pit (-19m) installed by GEA.|
Sima Terciopelo (Velvet Pit) is a pothole located at the Barra Honda National Park. It is pretty hard to visit, as it is a vertical cave. Tours are done in a kind of easy wild caving tours. Visitors get helmets with lamps and there is an iron ladder down the entrance pit. The cave is noted for its wealth of speleothems, including soda straws, stalactites, stalagmites, curtains, pearls, and rimstone dams. What they call roses are calcite crystals resembling flowers, needles, cave grapes The cave is closed during the wet season, between May and November, because of the danger of flooding by torrential rains.
The Barra Honda National Park has a size of 2,295ha. It covers the area of Cerro Barra Honda (442m asl). There is a main trail through mostly secondary forest to the top Cerro Barra Honda, which offers a spectacular view of the Tempisque Valley and the Gulf of Nicoya. The park includes various tropical habitats: tropical lowland, dry secondary forest, and pastures. The wildlife includes howler monkeys, deer, raccoons, peccaries, kinkajous, agoutis and ant-eaters.
The park has at the moment 42 known karst caves, The caves and the view are the main attractions. Fortunately most caves have an entrance pit, which makes them difficult to access and protects them, most of the caves are still in a good shape. There is the possibility to visit other caves in the park, but this is only for cavers or at least very sportive tourists. You need caving gear including climbing gear, an advance permission from the Park Service, the gear may be provided by the park. The deepest cave in the park, Santa Ana, is 118m deep. La Cuevita (Little Cave) is a very small cave (VR=5m, L=17m) with only a single, well decorated room. Due to the narrow entrance it is suitable only for the visitation of children and 'slim' persons. In all caves in the Park visitors must be accompanied by an official guide.
A rather strange story is the geologic exploration of the area. As most of the province is of volcanic origin, there was at first no sign there could be a small karst area. The roar made by the bats inside the caves and the bad smells from the guano deposited at the bottom of the pits it was generally believed that Cerro Barra Honda was a volcano. At the end of the 1960s the caves of the GE.CMCR started to explore the caves.
It is hard to reach the park without car, as the next bus stops 30km away. Once at the park, there are possibilities to stay over night and a camping ground. The best way to visit the cave is definitely a day trip from your hotel in Guanacaste, which includes transport, entrance fee, guide, equipment, taxes, and food.