Hadži-Prodanova Pecina

Хаџи-Проданова пећина - Hadži-Prodan Cave


Useful Information

Location: Raščići, 7km south of Ivanjica, On the road Ivanjica-Guca. (43.6335, 20.242306)
Open: no restrictions.
[2008]
Fee: free.
[2008]
Classification: SpeleologyKarst cave
Light: bring torch
Dimension: L=345m, A=620m asl.
Guided tours: self guided
Photography: allowed
Accessibility: no
Bibliography: Katarina Bogićević, Draženko Nenadić, Stefan Milošević, Dušan Mihailović, Stefan Vlastić, Radule Tošović (2017): A Late Pleistocene Rodent Fauna (Mammalia: Rodentia) from Hadži Prodanova Cave near Ivanjica (Western Serbia), Rivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafa (Research in Paleontology and Stratigraphy), vol. 123(1): 23-38. March 2017. academia.edu
Address: Hadži-Prodanova Pecina, Tel: +381-, Fax: +381-,
As far as we know this information was accurate when it was published (see years in brackets), but may have changed since then.
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History

27-SEP-1814 to 30-DEC-1814 Hadži–Prodan rebellion.
1909 Adzijina Church erected.
1974 under nature protection.
2003-2004 joint excavation campaign of the University of Belgrade, the National Museum of Serbia and the Institute for Protection of Cultural Heritage in Kraljevo.
2005 protection status reviewed and approved.

Description

Hadži-Prodanova Pecina (Hadži–Prodan Cave) is named after Hadži–Prodan Gligorijevic (1760–1825), the duke of Karadjordje and the leader and military commander of the First Serbian Uprising. According to legend he used this cave to hide soldiers during his 1814 rebellion. The Hadži-Prodan rebellion happened between the First (1804–13) and Second (1815–17) uprisings of the Serbian Revolution.

The cave is marked today by a chapel which was erected in front of the cave entrance in 1909, 40m above the the Rašćanska river valley. It is called Adzijina Church as it was dedicated to the Archangel Michael.

The cave is still accessible and an easy to visit horizontal cave. A high portal is followed by a 3m wide passage, after a narrow part it widens for a 50m long and 15m wide chamber. The cave has two levels, but only the main level is easily accessible.

In the cave entrance the remains of Cave Bear (Ursus spelaeus) and human were discovered. It was facing south and sunny and thus a frequented as a hunting station. Zoran Vučićević from Ivanjica was the first who collected pottery shards and Pleistocene faunal fossils. Cave bear and Iron Age artifact discoveries during an unrelated areal survey were made at the cave entrance and in the main cavern. The cave was the subject of research and study in speleological and archaeological literature for over a century. In 2003 a joint excavation campaign of the University of Belgrade, the National Museum of Serbia and the Institute for Protection of Cultural Heritage in Kraljevo was carried out. The material of former excavations was thoroughly reviewed and documented. Also a 2.5m deep trench of 16m² was dug in the entrance, the main cavern and the internal part of the cave plateau. Unlike the other finds this time the stratigraphic position of the findings was evaluated. Five sediment layers were investigated. The remains of cave bears, wolves, ibex, 13 species of rodents, and birds were unearthed. Human remains were discovered only in the entrance and in limited number. They are from the Gravettian, around 26,000 years ago at the beginning of the last glacial maximum. The current theory is that people due to the climate avoided mountainous habitats and preferably retreated to shelters near the coast and the southern Balkans.