Cave Life

Flora and Fauna of Caves


Biospeology is the scientific study of organisms living in caves. Plants, which need light for photosynthesis, can be found only in the entrance area of caves. Animals permanently living in caves are called troglobites. But most animals thought to be cave animals, like bats and cave bears, are just visitors to caves! Many animals use caves temporary for hibernation.


Terrestrial Aquatic Explanation
Classic Modern English
Troglobiont Eutroglobiont Cave animals stygobite An animal that lives in a cave and is unable to live outside of it. Troglobionts usually have troglomorphic adaptions.
Troglophil Eutroglophil cave loving animals stygophile An animal which frequently completes its life cycle in caves but is not confined to this habitat.
Trogloxen Subtroglophil Cave Visitor stygoxene An animal which lives above ground but visits the cave for certain reasons (overnight, hibernation, hideout,...).
Eutrogloxen Accidential Visitor An animal which is not living in cave and gets there by accident.

Special Aspects of Biospeleology