Fuerteventura is the second largest of the Canary Islands, but the least-densely populated. The first inhabitants of the Canary Islands were the Guanches, the oldest settlements found on Fuerteventura wher C14 dated to around 200 BC. In 1408 Juan Bethencourt from Spain conquered Fuerteventura. He built a hermitage, which is today a part of the Church of St. Mary in Betancuria. Betancuria, named after the Spanish conqueror, was the original capital of Fuerteventura.

Like all other Canarian islands, Fuerteventura is a volcanic island. This means, there are lava tubes, blister caves, artificial caves in soft volcanic tufa, and sea caves along the wild coasts. On the other hand it seems, this island has the least spectacular caves of all Canary islands.