Liguria is a somewhat strange state, as it is just a narrow strip of land between the mountains and the sea. The coast is mostly rocky with high cliffs, and some secluded beaches, this section of the Mediterranean Sea is called Ligurian Sea. It extends from the border to France to the Tuscany, bordered by the Alps and the Apennine Mountains. While Italian is the official language, numerous people speak Ligurian, a local dialect, and Occitan. Highlights are the Cinque Terre and the Portofino Natural Park, the city of Genoa, various caves and mines.

Some list three show caves in the area, but one is actually an archaeological museum with some cave shelters. There are some small caves which are also worth a visit. Although there is actually not much mining going on, the region also has a show mine.


  • Giovanni Capponi, Laura Crispini, Laura Federico, Cristina Malatesta (2016): Geology of the Eastern Ligurian Alps: a review of the tectonic units, Italian Journal of Geosciences 135(1):157-169. DISTAV - Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, dell'Ambiente e della Vita, Università di Genova, Corso Europa, 26 - 16132 Genova - Italy. online researchgate DOI
  • Andrea Ferrando, Francesco Faccini, Guido Paliaga, Paola Coratza (2022): Geosites and geological landscapes of Liguria (Italy), Journal of Maps, Taylor & Francis Group, Open Access. online DOI