Guizhou is a landlocked province in the southwest, capital and largest city is Guiyang. Its natural resources include timber, energy, and mining, nevertheless it is a relatively undeveloped province. The province is mountainous, with its higher altitudes in the west, and centre, the eastern end of the Yungui Plateau.
The 云贵高原 (Yúnguì Gāoyuán, Yunnan–Guizhou Plateau or Yungui Plateau) is a highland region. It is a true plateau composed of limestone and heavily karstified. Much of the provinces' karst is part of the UNESCO World Heritage List entry South China Karst. In the northeast, the Yungui is a generally mountainous area of rolling hills, gorges, and karst towers. The northeast is rainier, the southwest drier, and parts of the Yungui Plateau experience a semi-arid climate.
It is home to many minority peoples who have traditionally engaged in intensive agriculture along hills and in valleys. Until today the residents on the Yungui Plateau live in a traditional fashion in rural villages. 37% of the population belong to the Miao, Bouyei, Dong, Tujia and Yi peoples, all speaking their own languages.