Taiwan

The island Formosa or Taiwan is located southeast of China in the South China Sea. It was formerly known as Formosa, since Portuguese sailors sighted an uncharted island in 1542 and noted it on their maps as Ilha Formosa (beautiful island). The island had numerous names in different languages but for some reason Formosa stuck. At the end it became a part of China in 1683 during the Qing dynasty. In 1895, it was ceded to the Empire of Japan. The Republic of China, successor of the Quing, took control of Taiwan. After the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) controlled mainland China after the civil war, the politicians and supporters of the Republic of China fled to the island. They stated that they were the rest of China while China was occupied by communists.

The current political situation is complicated, and differs greatly depending on whom you ask. China declares that Taiwan is a chinese province, Taiwan states that they are the real China with a democratic government. Most countries do not accept this statement, though some countries recognized the PRC as an independent country. China is rather pissed by this and refuses diplomatic relations with countries that recognize the ROC. We do actually not care about political details and have no opinion about the political situation. We listed Taiwan as a region of China simply because we wanted to avoid tiring discussions. However, if you travel there you should be careful because of the strange situation.