Geology of Serbia


In all 8,414 km² of the Socialist Republic of Serbia, or 9.5% of the territory is composed of limestone or dolomitic rocks. To date, nearly 1,000 sites of speleological interest have been noted, of which between 50 and 100 sites of speleological interest have been noted. There are between 50 and 100 caves which have tourist potential. However, few of these will be opened to the public in the near future, mainly because of their remote situation and scattered locations. Most of the caves are to be found in eastern Serbia, though there are a few in the western area.

Between 1972 when ShowcaveResavska Pecina was opened and 1984, when ShowcavePotpecka Pecina was opened, 7 other tourist caves were opened in Serbia, 5 of them being in eastern Serbia, one in Kosovo and one in western Serbia 1.

The most important caves which will be opened in the future are ShowcaveRisovača Pećina near Arandelovac, ShowcavePecina Ravnistarka near Kucevo, ShowcavePetnička Pećina near Valjeva, ShowcaveStopića Pećina in the Zlatibor Mountains, ShowcaveBogovinska pećina near Bogovina, CavePrekonoška Pećina near Svljiga, CaveDubocka Pecina near Kuceva, CaveRavanicka Pecina near Cuprije, Usacke Cave near Sjenice, Cerjanske Cave (Cerjanska cave - Cerjanska pecina)2 near Nis, and Radavacka Cave near Pec.

Reprinted from The British Caver Vol 101 Spring 1987. With kind permission.

1 note by the editor: actually this text describes the situation more than forty years and at least one war ago. Especially the borders have changed since then. We could not exactly identify the seven tourist caves mentioned, but the ones we know of are: ShowcaveCeremošnja Pecina, ShowcaveMermerna Pecina, ShowcaveRajkova Pecina, and ShowcaveZlotske Pecine.

2 note by the editor: the cave entrance is filled in by water flowing in. A partial development of the cave has been destroyed. The cave is now gated and a development is not planned.