Citadelle de Namur


Useful Information

photography
Citadelle de Namur, Belgium. Public Domain.
Location: In the city of Namur, between the rivers Meuse and Sambre.
(50.45948368988112, 4.861980305026423)
Open: Visitor Center: All year daily 10-18.
Underground: All year Mon-Fri 13:30 Français - French, 15 Français - French, 16:30 Français - French, Sat, Sun, Hol 11 Français - French, 13:30 Nederlands - Dutch, 15 Français - French, 16:30 Français - French.
[2020]
Fee: Adults EUR 10, Children (6-18) EUR 8, Children (0-5) free, Students EUR 8.
Groups (+): Adults EUR 9, Children (6-18) EUR 8, Students EUR 8.
[2021]
Classification: SubterraneaCasemates
Light: electric
Dimension: Ar=80ha.
Guided tours: L=500m, D=90min.
Photography: allowed
Accessibility: no
Bibliography:
Address: Citadelle de Namur, TERRA NOVA, Route Merveilleuse 64, 5000 Namur, Tel: +32-81247370. E-mail:
As far as we know this information was accurate when it was published (see years in brackets), but may have changed since then.
Please check rates and details directly with the companies in question if you need more recent info.

History

890 fortification with wall and double palisade first mentioned.
974 Counts of Namur make the place their main residence.
1429 after Philip the Good took possession of the county of Namur the military importance of the fortress increased.
1488 besieged by the Namurians in the fight against the Duchy of Burgundy during the civil war in the Burgundian Netherlands.
1577 besieged by the troops of Don Juan de Austria.
1692 besieged by the troops of Louis XIV in the Palatinate War of Succession.
1695 besieged by the troops of the Vienna Grand Alliance in the Palatinate War of Succession.
1746 besieged by French troops under Moritz von Sachsen in the War of the Austrian Succession.
1792 besieged by French troops in the First Coalition War.
1794 besieged by French troops in the First Coalition War.
1830 besieged by the Belgian revolutionaries.
1891 partially demilitarized by decision of King Leopold II and the area was redesigned into a large park.
1893-1899 Grand Hôtel de la Citadelle built.
23-AUG-1914 shelled by German artillery, Grand Hôtel de la Citadelle burned down.
1910 funicular to the citadel.
1918 Belgian army moved in again.
1921 funicular replaced by tram with several tunnels and tight curves.
1930 Grand Hôtel de la Citadelle restored.
1933 quarters in Terra Nova were given up due to health-damaging conditions.
1953 tram closed.
1957 cable car from the square below to the Belvedere.
1975 keys handed over by the Belgian army to the city of Namur.
1997 cable car closed.
2014 guardhouse of Terra Nova reconstructed and now houses exhibitions, administrative rooms and a restaurant.
2021 new cable car from Place Maurice Servais to the Esplanade.

Description

photography
Citadelle de Namur, Belgium. Public Domain.
photography
Citadelle de Namur, Belgium. Public Domain.

The Citadelle de Namur (The Citadel of Namur) is a fortification with abundant underground structures. Seven kilometers of passages made Napoleon nickname it the termites' nest of Europe. The citadel covers an area of 80ha, which makes it one of the biggest fortifications in Europe. The Namur Citadel has been besieged twenty times in eight centuries.

The citadel consists of three parts, called Donjon, Médiane and Terra Nova. The guardhouse of Terra Nova is the visitor center with exhibitions and the starting point for tours. There is a huge parking lot and it is best reached by car.