Inscrições Rupestres

Petroglifos


Useful Information

Location: Morro do Avencal. From Urubici 3.5km south-west on SC-119, in the first hairpin bend.
(-28.028216620558542, -49.61222029335253)
Open: All year Thu-Tue 9-19.
[2020]
Fee:  
Classification: SpeleologyKarst cave
Light:  
Dimension:  
Guided tours:  
Photography: allowed
Accessibility: no
Bibliography:  
Address: Inscrições Rupestres, SC-110, Morro do Avencal, Avencal, Urubici - Santa Catarina, 88650-000, Tel: +55-49-99985-1172.
As far as we know this information was accurate when it was published (see years in brackets), but may have changed since then.
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History

1964 discovered and described by Professor Walter A. Piazza.
1966 described by Padre Rohr.
1987 cutting of the forest caused damage and allowed vandalism.

Description

Inscrições Rupestres (Rock Carvings) is not really a name, and it does not really mean a cave, but its the name under which this place is known. Located on a hill south of Urubici it is a series of cliffs with overhangs, narrow gorges and caves, which is full of indigenous rock carvings. The engravings are at least 3,000 years old. We listed the site because of the small caves. Surrounding the main spot there are various other spots which can be reached on a short walk and which allow to enter small caves.

The main highlight of the site is the Painel das Máscaras (Masks Panel), where the Máscara do Guardião (Guardian Mask) is displayed. It is believed that the place had sacred importance and that this guardian inspired respect of the residents. However, the engraving is rather abstract and the face is only one possible interpretation. We would also believe it, if someone said that the engraving actually depicts a palm tree. The other engravings mostly show geometric patterns like squares and triangles, and different parallel vertical lines. The engravings use different techniques, showing different cultures that have existed in the region over time.

The main sight has four panels of engravings. The engravings are simple, but of great historical importance.

The place is well developed with a visitor center and an elevated path made of wood which allows to see the best petroglyphs without destroying them. There is also a cafe or restaurant on site.