|Location:||Banff, Alberta. West end of Cave Avenue in the town of Banff.|
|Open:||18.Apr-12.Jun daily 9:30-17. 13.Jun-13.Sep daily 9-18. 14.Sep-17.Apr Mon-Thu 11-16, Fri-Sun 9:30-17.|
|Fee:||Adults $2.50, Senior (65+) $2, Children (6-16) $1.50, Family $5.75. Groups: Adults $2, Senior (65+) $1.50, Children (6-16) $1.|
|Guided tours:||D=45 min.|
|Address:||Cave and Basin, 311 Cave Ave. Box 900 Banff, Alberta, Canada, T0L 0C0, +1-403-762-1557|
|As far as we know this information was accurate when it was published (see years in brackets), but may have changed since then.
Please check rates and details directly with the companies in question if you need more recent info.
|1883||discovered by three railway workers, William and Tom McCardell, and Frank McCabe.|
|1885||first Canadian National Park.|
|1886||construction of the first log shack and the Grand View Villa and bathhouse.|
|1901||Grand View Villa is destroyed by fire, immediately rebuilt.|
|1915||Upper Hot Springs road opened.|
|1931||Grand View Villa burns again.|
|01-JUL-1932||Upper Hot Springs bathhouse opened.|
|1996||restored bathhouse opened.|
Cave and Basin is, as the name says, a cave with a hot spring inside.
In autumn 1883 the cave and the hot springs were discovered by William and Tom McCardell, and their partner Frank McCabe. They planned to gain ownership of the springs and then build a bathing resort. But the ownership was not easy to gain, the arguments escalated into a legal battle. The government was called to settle the dispute. As they already planned to make a National Park, and this location was ideal, they declared it as Canada's first National Park.
The water of the hot springs is rain from Sulphur Mountain. Most of this water forms the Bow River, but some of it goes down in cracks in the rocks to a depth of 3 kms. The water is heated by the earth's molten mantle, and as it gets warmer, it is able to dissolve minerals from the surrounding rock.
The water of the springs contains a high amount of sulfur, which gives them the typical smell of rotten eggs. The reason is hydrogen sulphide H2S which is produced by two common sulphur-bearing minerals: Pyrite FeS2 and Gypsum CaSO4.