Blei- und Silberbergwerk Val S-charl

Museum Schmelzra


Useful Information

Location: At S-charl, 13km from Scuol.
Open: mid-JUN to mid-OCT Tue-Fri 14-17, Sun 14-17. [2005]
Fee:  
Classification: ExplainLead Mine ExplainSilver Mine
Light: electric.
Dimension:  
Guided tours:  
Photography:  
Accessibility:  
Bibliography:  
Address: Blei- und Silberbergwerk Val S-charl, Pro Engadina Bassa, 7550 Scuol, Tel: +41-81-861-2222, Fax: +41-81-861-2223. E-mail: contact
As far as we know this information was accurate when it was published (see years in brackets), but may have changed since then.
Please check rates and details directly with the companies in question if you need more recent info.

History

12th cty mining started.
1189 the bishops of Trient were the lords of the are and thus ownte the mining rights.
1208 the mining laws were written and stayed valid for centuries..
1317 Herzog Heinrich von Kärnten gave the mine to Knight Gebhard von Guarda, Albert à Porta, Konrad, and Friedrich von Planta.
1499 men from Scuol killed 200 Austrian miners.
16th cty main mining period.
1618 mining ended.
1658 mining rights transferred to the village of Scuol.
1811 mining revived by Johannes Hitz from Klosters.
1829 mining finally ended.
1987 foundation "Fundaziun Schmelzra S-charl" established.

Description

The main ore of the S-charl mine is galena, a silver and lead ore, and spalerite (locally called Zinkblende), a zinc sulfate. The mine was operative for centuries with its peak during the 16th century. But finally the mining was not profitable enough and ended. It was revivied by Johannes Hitz from Klosters in 1811 and operated for almost two decades. The mining was not profitable, but many people from the valley were able to earn some money, which helped them to survive. About 50 kg of silver were produced every year during the early 1920s.