南石窟寺

Nanshiku Temple


Useful Information

Location: Jingchuan County, Pingliang, Gansu.
(35.363640, 107.448547)
Open: All year daily 8-18.
[2021]
Fee:  
Classification: SubterraneaCave Church
Light: n/a
Dimension:  
Guided tours:  
Photography:  
Accessibility:  
Bibliography:  
Address: Nanshiku Temple, Xujia Village, Jingchuan County 744313, Pingliang, Gansu, Tel: +86-.
As far as we know this information was accurate when it was published (see years in brackets), but may have changed since then.
Please check rates and details directly with the companies in question if you need more recent info.

History

510 caves erected by Jingzhou provincial governor 奚康生 (Xi Kangsheng).
1959 rediscovered by the Gansu Provincial Museum Cultural Relics Task Force conducting a general survey of cultural relics in Longdong area.
13-FEB-1963 declared a provincial-level cultural relics protection unit by the People's Government of Gansu Province.
13-JAN-1988 listed as National key unit of the State Council People's Republic of China

Description

南石窟寺 (Nanshiku Si, South Grotto Temple) is located on the north bank of the Dongjing River in Jingchuan County. The main cave has a large space, with 7 tall Buddha statues and 13 Bodhisattvas. There are 5 caves arranged in a line from east to west.

Cave No. 1 was excavated by Jingzhou Governor 奚康生 (Xi Kangsheng) in 510. At that time, a monk rebellion broke out in Jingzhou, and the local government could not control the situation. They sent for help and Xi Kangsheng was sent to end the rebellion. It seems he ended the rebellion and many monks and nuns were killed, so he ordered the construction of the temple out of guilt. Cave No. 1 is the largest cave and is also the main cave of Nanshiku Temple. It is rectangular, with a height of 11 m, a width of 18 m, and a length of 13 m. It contains seven standing Buddha statues, 7 m high, 14 Bodhisattvas on both sides, about 3.5 m high, and a 5 m high Maitreya Bodhisattva on each side of the front wall door.

Cave 4 is a medium-sized square cave with 16 Arhats, eight Bodhisattvas, and six Lishi in rows on both sides.