|Yangjialing Village in Qiaogou Township, Baota District, Yan'an Prefecture, Shaanxi Province. Northwest China.
|Stone Cavehouse Hotel.
|As far as we know this information was accurate when it was published (see years in brackets), but may have changed since then.
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|1936 to 1947
|cave-houses used by Chairman Mao Zedong, founder of the People's Republic of China, and other revolutionary veterans.
The Yan'an Prefecture is the location of the Loess Plateau, huge layers of loes, deposited by winds from the Gobi desert. The fine sand of the desert form a sand deposit, which is not hard rock. But this special sand has an important quality: cut walls are standing, where normal sand would trickle down. An the sand is still easy cut, it is possible to dug caves by using shovel and pickaxe.
So it is rather easy to understand, why the people of this area used this technique to build their homes. Since thousands of years the Loess provides shelter for the inhabitants of Yan'an.
In the thrities the leaders of the socialist revolution used the cavesas a hideout. This makes this area today a sort of "Holy Land" to todays government.