|Location:||Zhangfang Village, Zhangfang Town, Fangshan District. 80 km from Beijing|
|Dimension:||L=1,500 m, W=2 m, H=2.30 m, VR=4 m.|
|Guided tours:||L=400 m.|
|Address:||Zhangfang Ancient Battle Tunnel, Tel: +86-, Fax: +86-,|
|As far as we know this information was accurate when it was published (see years in brackets), but may have changed since then.
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During millennia of playing the civilization game, China has its share of ancient military installations. Numerous are underground, both because underground structures have certain military value and are better preserved because of their nature. The Zhangfang Ancient Battle Tunnel is one of numerous ancient battle tunnels in China, but it is the only one in Beijing.
The tunnel was built during the reign of Emperor Song Zhenzong from 968 to 1022, the third emperor of the Northern Song Dynasty (960 to 1127). The archaeologists speculate that this tunnel was designed and built by the famous General Yang Liulang. It was used for almost 400 years until the Ming Dynasty (1368 to 1644).
Beneath the tunnel, there are numerous rooms which were used as casemates or armory.