Bergbaumuseum Oelsnitz

Useful Information

Location: Oelsnitz. A 72 exit Stollberg. A4 exit Hohenstein-Ernstthal, then towards Lugau.
Open: All year Tue-Sun, Hol 10-17, tours at 11, 13:30, 16.
Closed 24-DEC, 01-JAN.
Fee: Adults EUR 4.80, Children (6-16) EUR 2.40, Children (0-5) free, Students EUR , Family (2+2) EUR .
Groups (10+): Adults EUR 4.30, Children (6-16) EUR 1.80.
Classification: ExplainCoal Mine
Light: electric
Guided tours: D=90min.
Address: Bergbaumuseum Oelsnitz, Pflockenstraße 1, 09376 Oelsnitz/Erzgebirge, Tel: 037298-93940, Fax: 037298-939449. E-mail: contact
As far as we know this information was accurate when it was published (see years in brackets), but may have changed since then.
Please check rates and details directly with the companies in question if you need more recent info.


1844 begin of coal mining at Oelsnitz.
1946 Kaiserin-Augusta-Schacht renamed Karl-Liebknecht-Schacht.
1971 mine closed.
1976 begin of preparations for the museum.
1986 museum and show mine opened to the public.
2000 premises added to the museum.



The Bergbaumuseum Oelsnitz is one of the biggest mining museums in Germany. It is dedicated to the Saxonian coal mining industry. It is located at the colliery Kaiserin-Augusta-Schacht, which was later in the GDR renamed Karl-Liebknecht-Schacht. The tour starts at the 50m high head frame with a ride on the mine elevator. Some 400m of tunnel were developed as a show mine. Here the technical development of the collieries is explained. Many machines are still fuly functional and are shown in action during the tour. Several innovations form the Saxon collieries were exported to the west German Ruhrgebiet.

The museum is located in the mine buidings, which were declared a cultural heritage. It explains the geologic background of the coal deposits, which were formed by the lush forest of teh Carbon 300Ma ago. Another important topis are the social aspects of the mining. The history of the mining is connected with the political situation of teh GDR. In the Karl-Liebknecht-Schacht the miner Adolf Hennecke made his controversial Sonderschicht. This was the begin of the activist movement in the young GDR. The shift was well prepared, and so he was able to produce 24,4m³ of coal instead of the average 6,3m³. This was intended to motivate the miners to work harder. But this political event was disapproved by many miners as an unsocial norm breaking.

Since April 2000 the premises also belong to the museum, which has a lot of room to display heavy machiner. There is a 17m high head frame with a drum hoist, a reel and a steam railroad with a waggon. The central exhibit is the biggest still working steam engine of Saxony. Every guided tour ends with a demonstration of this steam engine.

At Oelsnitz coal was produced from 1844 until 1971. The coal was disovered at a depth of 9m and the mining followed the seams undergound. At the end the mines were 1,200m deep. The Frisch-Glück-Schacht was stared in 1871 and reached 931m, which made it the deepes pit of the world for some time. The coal field at nearby Hohndorfer reached a depth of 1,200m during the 1960s, which made it the deepest pit of Europe. The mining was finally abandoned because of the exhaustion of the deposit.