Washington 'F' Pit Industrial Museum

Useful Information

Location: Washington. 8 km southeast of Newcastle
Map Ref: (Sheet 88) NZ302574, (54°54'38" N, 1°1'40" W)
Light: LightIncandescent Electric Light System
Guided tours:
Address: Washington 'F' Pit Industrial Museum, Albany Way, District 2, Washington, NE37 1BJ, Tel: +44-191-553-2323. E-mail: contact
As far as we know this information was accurate when it was published (see years in brackets), but may have changed since then.
Please check rates and details directly with the companies in question if you need more recent info.


1777 pit opened.
???? owned by Washington Coal Co. Ltd..
1927 owned by Matthew Henry Kellett.
1947 owned by the National Coal Board (N.C.B.).
21-JUN-1968 pit closed.
1974 last coal mine at Washington closed.


There were several coal seams below Washington which were mined. The four mined seems were about one metre thick and at depths between 146 m and 206 m.

  1. Main Coal seam: 1 m thick, 146 m below surface.
  2. Maudlin seam: between 1.40 m and 1.80 m thick, 165 m below surface.
  3. Low Main seam: 1.06 m thick, 185 m below surface.
  4. Hutton seam: 0.93 m thick, 206 m below surface.


The main sight of the Washington ‘F’ Pit is a Victorian steam engine, engine house and headgear. These are the last remains of 250 years long coal mining history. The winding engine once took pitmen to the coal face and brought coal to the surface. The steam engine is not working with steam anymore, but it is well-preserved and can be seen working, driven by an electric motor.