|Location:||Near Vouno, between Pallantio and Evandros.|
|Classification:||Karst lake, Ponor.|
|As far as we know this information was accurate when it was published (see years in brackets), but may have changed since then.
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|18-SEP-1891||E A Martel and N. Sideris (engineer) explore the sink holes (ponors) of lake Taka.|
|Image: Map redrawn after Martell and Sideris. Mayers Konversations-Lexikon, 6. Aufl., 1905.|
Lake Taka is located on the Peloponnese, in the southern area called Arkadia, between Pallantio and Evandros. This intermittend karst lake is formed by springs during winter, the rainy season. It is drained completely by underground caves, dolines and ponors are frequent around the lake. In dry years the lake dries out completely, in others a little rest remains.
The water of the lake is used for irrigation. The lake forms temporary marches and is an important home to many birds. This ideal situation is known and used for a very long time, at the shores of the lake lie the remains of ancient Pallantion. This is one of the oldest and most famous cities in Arcadia.
Although today almost completely forgotten, except for some bird enthusiasts, this place was once the center of scientific exploration. The Katavothres (Swallow Holes) of Taka were explored by E A Martel and N. Sideris, an Greek engineer. They discovered a deep cave system, an underground river gorge. Martell published their discoveries and the survey in one of his books, and soon the cave became world famous. It was even reprinted in the German encyclopedia Mayers Konversations-Lexikon around 1900. Nevertheless those caves are not developed and rather dangerous, only accessible to speleologists.