Liang Bua Cave

Useful Information

Location: Flores island.
Classification: SpeleologyKarst Cave
Guided tours:  
Bibliography: Rex Dalton (2005): Fossil finders in tug of war over analysis of hobbit bones, Nature 434, 5 (3 March 2005)
As far as we know this information was accurate when it was published (see years in brackets), but may have changed since then.
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2003 bones of Homo floresiensis discovered.


On the small Indonesian island of Flores is a cave, which was currently the place of archaeological excavations. In 2003 an extraordinary find was made, when the bones of a formerly unknown humanoid race were found, which lived here until their extinction about 13,000 years BP. The most extraordinary aspect of those humanoids is their size, they were aboutone meter high. Soon they were called Indonesian Hobbits, although the scientists dubbed them Homo floresiensis after the island Flores they were found on.

The Homo floresiensis lived for several thousand years on the island. The found bones of a woman are about 18,000 years old. Nearby findings of other remains tell us that they fed on Stegodons, small elephants which are also extinct today, and on bats, birds and dragons. The Komodo dragons are the still existing on the island Komodo, though they are endangered.

The found skulls are astonishing, as the brain size is the smallest ever found for any humanoid. Still they were not dumb, the archaeologists found stone tools nearby.