ဖိုလ်ဝင်တောင်

Powintaung Cave Pagodas - Pho Win Taung - Hpowindaung


Useful Information

Location: Yinmapin Township, 22km from Monywa, on the other side of Chindwin river upstream.
Open: no restrictions [2006]
Fee: free [2006]
Classification: SubterraneaCave Church
Light: electric.
Dimension:
Guided tours: self guided
Photography: allowed
Accessibility: no
Bibliography:
Address:
As far as we know this information was accurate when it was published (see years in brackets), but may have changed since then.
Please check rates and details directly with the companies in question if you need more recent info.

History


Description

Powintaung (Mountain of Isolated Solitary Meditation) is a remote monastery which is best visited on a day trip. The road is 50 years old and requires a 4WD. As the site is a popular pilgrimage destination the road will be rebuild with money from donations.

The three hills at the river Chindwin, Shwe-ba-taung, Phan-ga-taung and Nwa-tho-taung, are composed of sandstone. The most prominent is Shwe-ba-taung, with the caves of Powin-taung. According to legend the temple was started by Pyu King Bandawa. He was invited by King Anawrahta (1044-77) to the consecration of the Shwezigon Pagoda at Bagan. When he was on his way home, he spotted this place and decided to build Buddha statues and stupas here. Since then many temples have been carved out of the solid sandstone.

In contrary to the common cave temples, which were built into natural caves, this one is carved into the rock. The temples are artificial and the sculpures were formed out of the living rock on location. The chambers are between 5m and 20m long and between 3m and 5m high. There is a total of 947 caves in the complex.

Although there is no evidence, some inscriptions make it quite probable that the caves were started 700 years ago. However, the majority of the caves dates to the 18th century. One cave has a lying buddha statue, the others show colorful murals on walls and ceiling. The ceiling is either flat or barrel vaults.