MAY to mid-JUN Sat, Sun 11, 12, 13, 14.
Mid-JUN to AUG Wed, Sat, Sun 11, 12, 13, 14.
Adults PLN 25, Reduced PLN 20.
Groups (30+): Adults PLN 15.
|World War II Bunkers
|Incandescent Electric Light System
|D=60 min, Max=40.
|Muzeum Zimnej Wojny Podborsko 3001, 78-220 Podborsko, Tel: +48-517-811-016, Tel: +48-665-705-407. Podborsko gmina Tychowo, powiat białogardzki, kierunek Oddział Zamknięty w Podborsku E-mail:
|As far as we know this information was accurate when it was published (see years in brackets), but may have changed since then.
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|begin of construction.
|taken over by the Soviet Army.
|Polish government asks the USSR authorities to withdraw Soviet troops from the territory of the Republic of Poland.
|Soviet soldiers left the territory and the site was re-acquitted by the Polish Army.
|site taken over by the History Watchtower Foundation, and then by the West Pomeranian Association of History and Secrets.
|Cold War Museum opened to the public by the Museum of Polish Arms in Kołobrzeg.
The Muzeum Zimnej Wojny Podborsko 3001 (Cold War Museum Podborsko 3001) is one of the branches of the Muzeum Oręża Polskiego (Museum of Polish Arms). The museum has about half a dozen locations with exhibitions on various aspects of weapons, military, and war around the town Kołobrzeg. It shows uniforms, historic weapons and there is even an open air exhibition with tanks. The city Kołobrzeg is a harbour city at the Baltic Sea, not far from the German border in the West Pomeranian Voivodeship. This part of Poland was for a very long time German, but after World War II it became Poland.
The Cold War Museum branch is located southeast in Podborsko, which is actually only a small hamlet with a prison. The site is located north of the hamlet in the middle of the forest, where several bunkers were built. Unlike dozens of bunkers in the forests of Poland, it is not a remnant of the German war against Russia, it is much younger. The bunkers were constructed during the Cold War to provide nuclear support for the Polish army, in other words it was intended as a base for R-11M surface-to-ground missiles which were capable of carrying nuclear charges. As a result the existence of the bunkers was known only to 12 people in Poland. It was called Object 3001.
In 1965 exercises were held to transport nuclear missiles to the border. The results were not satisfactory, the transport was too slow and there was the danger of sabotage. As a result the Soviet Union planned to deploy them in Poland instead, and Podborsko was selected as one of the possible stations. In 1967 a treaty was signed between Poland and the Soviet Union, which was called agreement between the Government of the People's Republic of Poland and the Government of the USSR on measures taken to increase the combat readiness of troops. As a result three facilities were built where nuclear ammunition and vehicle to transport them were stored. The sites were constructed and owned by Poland, but from the moment of depositing nuclear ammunition they were under the exclusive management and use of the USSR. The code names for the three objects were 3001, 3002, 3003 or POLIGON, OBÓZ, and PARKAN.
There are some documents on Polish side which tell about the construction, originally classified top secret and only using the code names. But when the USSR delivered the nuclear ammunition in 1970 and took over there were no documents. There is actually no information what happened here until the end of the Cold War.
There were two bunkers at the site. Each bunker had a loading hall connected to four nuclear ammunition storages, which could house 20 nuclear warheads each. Object 3001 was able to house 160 nuclear warheads. Chemical and even biological weapons were also stored in the shelters.