Muzej Rudarstva i Metalurgije Bor


Useful Information

Location: Moše Pijade 19, Bor
Open:  
Fee:  
Classification: SubterraneaMining Museum
Light: electric.
Dimension:  
Guided tours: swlf guided
Photography:  
Accessibility:  
Bibliography:  
Address: Muzej Rudarstva i Metalurgije Bor, Moše Pijade 19, Bor, Serbia, Tel: +381-30-423-560, Tel: +381-30-424-963, Fax: +381-30-422-145. E-mail: E-mail:
As far as we know this information was accurate when it was published (see years in brackets), but may have changed since then.
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History

1902 copper ore discovered.
15-DEC-1950 first written initiative for the establishment of a museum in Bor.
1951 first temporarx exhibition.
1965 second temporary exhibition.
1961 nuseum begins work as National Museum.
1974 renamed Museum of Mining and metallurgy.

Description

The Muzej Rudarstva i Metalurgije Bor (Museum of Mining and Metallurgy Bor) is dedicated to the mining history of Serbia. The historical fund consists of collections of photographs, postcards, written materials, memorial materials, decorations, weapons, personal items, work equipment and numismatics. The collection of photographs consists of thousands of pictures of mines and plants from the beginning of the 20th century. Most valuable are the glass plate negatives from the interwar period. Work equipment are various tools and mining drills used on the work sites. Tere is also an exhibition of coins and paper money of the Kingdom of Serbia, the old Yugoslavia, Nedić's Serbia and the Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia.

The museum was an initiative of the Association of Veterans of the National Liberation War, when the basic concept of the museum was set as an institution that will collect, preserve and present cultural and historical assets. Special emphasis should on the development of mining and metallurgy. After the concept was published in 1950 and material was collected there were two exhibitions in 1951 and 1955. The museum was actually founded in 1961 by hiring the first experts and named National Museum. In 1972 it ws renamed Muzej rudarstva i metalurgije (Museum of Mining and Metallurgy). Additional exhibitions were added, like the historical development of mining and metallurgy from prehistory to the present in 1974. In 1980 the publication Proceedings of the Museum of Mining and Metallurgy were started.

The city of Bor is a mining city, Bor mine is a large copper mine located in Bor district. Originally the area had been mined for gold as far back as at least the ancient Romans. In 1902 copper ore was discovered accidentally. According to legend a young man named Paun Meždinović discovered the ore in 1902. But the deposit was exploited by the industrialist Đorđe Vajfert. Today reserves of 200 million tonnes of ore grading 1.5% copper and some other metals in lower amounts will allow mining for another century.