Jama Pečinka

Pecina Cave


Useful Information

Location: Northern side of the Pečina Hill.
(45.862537, 13.617826)
Open: after appointment.
[2020]
Fee:  
Classification: SpeleologyKarst cave TopicWorld War I
Light: LightIncandescent Electric Light System
Dimension: L=150 m, VR=22 m.
Guided tours:  
Photography: allowed
Accessibility: no
Bibliography:  
Address: Jamarski klub Temnica (Temnica Caving Club), Tel: +386-51-363-701, Mobile: +386-40-207-482. E-mail:
Turizem Miren Kostanjevica, Cerje, Lokvica 35, 5291 Miren, Tel: +386-31-310-800. E-mail:
I. SVIT Goriški Kras Lokvica, Cell: +386-31-370-237.
As far as we know this information was accurate when it was published (see years in brackets), but may have changed since then.
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History

1909 a small excavation reveals fragments of prehistoric pottery and human bones.
01-NOV-1916 summit captured by the Italian 1st Bersaglier Brigade in the 9th Battle of the Isonzo.
OCT-1917 Italians withdrew to the Piava River after a successful German-Austrian breakthrough.

Description

Jama Pečinka (Pecina Cave) is located on the northern side of Pečina Hill (308 m asl). The Italians called the hill the eye of the Karst, because it is in an extremely important strategic position. During World War I the cave was developed as a part of the defensive system by the Austro-Hungarian army. An artificial passage was dug through the ceiling to the top of the hill, where an observation post was established with a searchlight. It was also used as a shelter for soldiers, it was equipped with bunks for soldiers and cabins for officers. The cave was captured by the Italian army on 01-NOV-1916. They settled the artillery command of the 21st Division in the cavern, and used it for the same purposes as the Austrians, as an outlook and a shelter for soldiers. But in OCT-1917 after a successful German-Austrian breakthrough they were forced to withdraw.

During World War II it was used as a hideout by the partisans.