Stanišovská jaskyňa

Malá Stanišovská jaskyňa


Useful Information

Location: Jánska dolina, Liptovský Ján, Slovensko (N 49° 00` 29", E 19° 40` 27")
Open: All year daily 10-16.
Tours every hour on the hour.
[2020]
Fee: Adults EUR 6, Children (6-15) EUR 3.50, Children (0-5) free, Seniors EUR 3.50, Disabled EUR 3.50.
[2020]
Classification: SpeleologyKarst cave
Light: headlamp provided
Dimension: L=871m, VR=28m, A=761m asl., T=7°C.
Guided tours: L=410m, D=60min.
Photography: allowed
Accessibility:  
Bibliography: M. Lalkovič (2010): Z histórie Stanišovskej jaskyne, In Slovenský Kras roč. 48 (2010), Liptovský Mikuláš, Slovenské múzeum ochrany prírody a jaskyniarstva, 2010, pp 105–138, ISBN 80-88924-14-6.
Address: Stanišovská jaskyňa, Jánska dolina 185, Liptovský Ján, Tel: +421-907-703-444, Tel: +421-904-333-613, Tel: +421-948-013-143, Tel: +421-908-640-061. E-mail: contact
As far as we know this information was accurate when it was published (see years in brackets), but may have changed since then.
Please check rates and details directly with the companies in question if you need more recent info.

History

1720 first explored and surveyed by J. Bucholtz jr.
1723 first description of the cave by Matej Bel.
1922-1950 various speleologic explorations by local cavers.
1960s Nova Stanišovská Cave discovered.
1970s Veľkej Stanišovská jaskyňa closed after severe vandalism.
1994 opened to the public.
2009 cave tour enhanced.

Description

The Stanišovská jaskyňa is the newest show cave of the country. Located in the Jánska dolina (Jan valley) 39m above the Štiavnica Brook on the northwestern slope of Smrekovica in the Low Tatras National Park. It is known and visited for a very long time, the first survey is from 1720 and the first description from 1722. It is a higher level of the cave system which was formed when the valley floor was about 40m higher and the cave was still filled with water. The dissolution of limestone by groundwater started the formation of cave passages and later the cave river drained to the valley and formed erosional forms further enlargibg the passages. Today the cave has become dry and drainage happens 40m below in the next level. After the water was gone the dripping water created various speleothems in the cave. The Nova Stanišovská jaskyňa (New Stanišovská Cave) on the opposite side of the valley is 2,334m long and accessible only to cavers. It was once part of the same cave system.

Nearby Malá Stanišovská jaskyňa the most important wintering place for bats in the Jánska Valley. Both caves are home to seven species of bats, the most common is the Greater Mouse-Eared Bat (Myotis myotis). The caves also contain troglobiont isopods like Mesoniscus graniger. The sprintails Pseudosinella paclti and Arrhopalites pygmaeus were discovered, also the centipede Allorhiscosoma sphinx. Palaeontological remains include Cave Bear (Ursus spelaeus) bones and others. Archaeological remain are mostly from the Middle Ages. Since this time numerous visitors left their names on the walls.

While the cave was well known it was never a show cave. It was opened as a show cave by the local caving club, which created trails and guides visitors. But they did not install a light system, and while cave is a real show cave it is visited with headlamps which are provided. Comfortable walking shoes and a jacket are recommended though. It is one of the view show caves in Slovakia which are not owned and operated by the government (SSJ).