อุโมงค์ประวัติศาสตร์ เขาน้ำค้าง

Khao Nam Khang Historical Tunnel


Useful Information

Location: Khlong Kwang, Na Thawi District, Songkhla 90160.
(6.574122081923585, 100.57533570845968)
Open: All year daily 7-17.
[2024]
Fee: Adults THB 20.
[2024]
Classification:  
Light: LightIncandescent Electric Light System
Dimension: L=1,000 m.
Guided tours:  
Photography:  
Accessibility:  
Bibliography:  
Address: Khao Nam Khang Historical Tunnel, Khlong Kwang, Na Thawi District, Songkhla 90160, Tel: +66-7453-1696, Tel: +66-936-570-413.
As far as we know this information was accurate when it was published (see years in brackets), but may have changed since then.
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History

1983 after nearly 40 years of fighting with the government, the Communist Party announced the end of the struggle.

Description

อุโมงค์ประวัติศาสตร์ เขาน้ำค้าง (Khao Nam Khang Historical Tunnel) are alaso known as Communist Caves. This is the largest and longest tunnel system of its kind in Thailand. It has three main passages, three levels, with 16 entrances and exits, and stairs connecting the floors. The different rooms were identified as meeting room, nurse's room, radio room, kitchen, shooting range. It was dug out of a thick layer of clay by hand, which took about two years.

As the name explains, these tunnels were dug by the communists, who fought against the government for decades. The guerilla war known as Communist insurgency in Thailand was a guerilla war which lasted from 1965 until 1983. The communist movement started in colonial Thailand with Chinese communist Han Minghuang. He tried to create a communist organization in Bangkok but was arrested. Communism was criminalized, with the Anti-Communist Act of 1933 it became illegal. But during World War II, communists formed an alliance with the Free Thai Movement, so communists had a position against colonialism and thus many supporters. Pridi Panomyong becam prime minister in 1946, and he repealed the Anti-Communist Act and establishing diplomatic relations with the Soviet Union. However, after the failed 1952 Peace Rebellion, the Anti-Communist Act was reinstalled. At the same time, there were wars against communism in Korea and later in Vietnam. Due to the proximity, communists operated from the Thai side of the border. But after training in Bejing, later in North Vietnam, a group of insurgents started with political assassinations, which finally became guerilla warfare in 1965. The anti-communist operations became increasingly brutal. Suspects were clubbed to a point of semi-consciousness before being burnt alive.

Finally, an amnesty was declared on 23 April 1980 by Prime Minister Prem Tinsulanonda. This amnesty not only granted amnesty to defectors but also political participation and democratic processes. As a result, the insurgency came to an end in the early 1980s.