黃龍洞

Huánglóng Dòng - Huang Long Dong - Yellow Dragon Cave


Useful Information

Location: Suoxiyu Nature Reserve, Wulingyuan Scenic Spot, 10 km from Suoxiyu town. 40 km from Zhangjiajie City.
(29.362977, 110.614922)
Open:
Fee:
Classification: SpeleologyKarst cave Speleologyriver cave.
Light: LightIncandescent Electric Light System
Dimension: L=13,000 km, VR=100 m, T=16 °C.
Guided tours: D=2 h, L=3,200 m, (2,400 m by foot, 800 m by boat). V=100,000/a [1991] V=300,000/a [2000]
Photography:
Accessibility:
Bibliography:
Address: Huanglong Dong, Tel: +86-, Fax: +86-,
As far as we know this information was accurate when it was published (see years in brackets), but may have changed since then.
Please check rates and details directly with the companies in question if you need more recent info.

History

1983 exploration started by Mao Jinchu, a local villager.
FEB-1984 explorers find the cave behind the sumps.
JUN-1984 Huanglongdong Management Institute established.
1992 inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List.
1997 Huanglongdong managed by Beijing Datong Company.
1999 World Aerobic Flight Competition, launched and operated by Huanglongdong Investment Co., Ltd., traveled through Tianmen and broadcasted the world with the name of Huanglongdong.
2005 selected as "the most beautiful tourist cave in China".
2009 selected as "the most beautiful tourist cave in China".

Description

Huanglong Dong (Yellow Dragon Cave) is located in the Wulingyuan Scenic and Historic Interest Area. This area has spectacular ravines and gorges. The rocks are a mixture of 2/3 quartzite and 1/3 limestone, and while the quartzites form strange rock formations and gorges, the limestone is heavily karstified. The caves are concentrated in the Suoxi River area, where about 40 caves are known. Others are found at the south-east side of Tianzi Mountain.

Huanglong Dong is one of the ten longest caves in China, 13 km of passages in four levels. The Chinese are rather manic in counting the features, so cave contains 13 chambers, 96 passages, 3 waterfalls, 2 underground rivers, 3 pools, and 1 underground lake. The Dragon Palace Hall contains 1705 stalagmites and pillars, of which 516 are above 1 meter, and the distribution density of stalagmites is 0.12 per square meter. Although this list seems a little strange to western eyes, it is still impressive.

Other superlatives are more in the gusto of westerners. One of the waterfalls is breathtaking 50 meters high, the biggest chamber has a floor of 4,000 m². And there is a stalagmite called the Ding Hai Shen (Holy Needle), which is 19.2 m high but only 10 cm in diameter. Legend tells, it protects the Dragon King who resides in the dark depths. Because of its value for tourism it was insured in 1998 for 100 million yuan (US$12.1 million). The cave is visited by boats on the cave river.