Egloffsteiner Felsenkeller

Egloffstein Cellars


Useful Information

Location: In the town Egloffstein, in the Felsenkellerstraße. Two entrances at the Raiffeisenbank.
Open: No restrictions.
[2019]
Fee: Free.
[2019]
Classification: ExplainCellars
Light: no light, bring electric torch
Dimension: L=700m, Ar=12.000m²
Guided tours: self guided after appointment with the tourist office
Photography: Allowed
Accessibility: more or less, the whole system is horizontal
Bibliography: accessible for wheelchairs
Address: Tourist-Information Egloffstein, Felsenkellerstr. 20, 91349 Egloffstein, Tel. 09197-202, Fax 09197-625491. E-mail:
Michael Wirth, Egloffstein, Tel: 09197-1544. E-mail:
As far as we know this information was accurate when it was published (see years in brackets), but may have changed since then.
Please check rates and details directly with the companies in question if you need more recent info.

History

1728 used as quarry for rocks and sand
19th cty 24 cellars constructed by adding walls and doors.
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Description

In the town Egloffstein in the Fränkische Schweiz (Frankian Switzerland) a system of cellars is open to the public. It is located in the middle of the town below the road Felsenkellerstraße, which was named after the cellars. The name Egloffsteiner Felsenkeller (Rock Cut Cellars of Egloffstein) is not really a name, it is simply descriptive. The cellars are located in 15m thick layer of soft sandstone and cover an area of 12.000 square meters. 14 paralel tunnels have a total length of 700m. The cellars are open to the public and can be visited self guided without any restriction, but there are also guided tours which are very informative. They are offered by Michael Wirth, a local who knows the cellars since he was playing hide and seek here as a child.

The plateau of the Fränkische Schweiz (Frankian Jura) is composed of hard limestones and dolomites of the Upper Jurassic (Malm). But the deep valley of the Trubach river cuts through those layers into the softer yellow and brown-reddish sandstones of the Middle Jurassic (Dogger) Those soft stones were easy to mine, manually with rather primitive tools, so they were used in the Middle Ages to build houses, erect the castle above, and to produce sand for mortar. But the people soon learned that the underground spaces had other practical uses. They stored beer and vegetables, meat and anything else which needed cooling. The temperature inside the cellars is 8°C, which is only three degree higher than modern refrigerators. And the humidity was ideal to store potatoes and other roots. And finally the cellars were dug horizontally into the rock, so it was possible to drive into the cellar from the road in front with a cart. No need to haul goods up and down a staircase. And hinally the people of the village used the cellars as hideouts, it was much closer than the castle on the top of the plateau, so it was faster to get there.

Today the cellars are mostly empty. Only a part of one tunnel is still used by the locals to store goods. When the Felsenkellerstraße was modernized the openings into the cellars were left open at the foot of the road basement. They are still open and accessibe 24/7. Its a sign how tranquil this town is, that they have not been vandalized!


Egloffsteiner Felsenkeller Gallery