Kittelsthaler Tropfsteinhöhle

Dripstonecave of Kittelsthal


Useful Information

The entrance of the Kittelsthaler Tropfsteinhöhle.
Typical profile, narrow and high passages leading down very steep.
Location: Bergstraße, 99842 Ruhla OT Kittelsthal.
A4 exit 39 Eisenach-West, B19/B88 to Thal. A4 exit 40b Sattelstadt, via Sattelstadt to Wutha, turn left B88 to Thal. Turn right towards Kittelsthal, right into Am Acker, signposted.
(50.923758088544110, 10.39229532939734)
Open: APR to OCT Thu, Fri 10-18, Sat, Sun, Hol 13-18.
NOV to MAR Thu-Sat 10-18.
[2022]
Fee: Adults EUR 5, Children EUR 3.
Groups (20+): Adults EUR 3, Children EUR 2.
[2022]
Classification: SpeleologyKarst cave
Light: LightIncandescent Electric Light System
Dimension: L=726 m, VR=48 m, T=8 °C, A=348 m asl.
Guided tours: L=158 m, VR=48 m, D=45 min, St=228, MinAge=3.
V=10.000/a [1993], V=6,000/a [2005].
Photography: allowed
Accessibility: no
Bibliography: Klaus Schöllhorn, Anita Schöllhorn, G. Malcher (2006): Die Kittelsthaler Tropfsteinhöhle Hrsg.: Stadtverwaltung Ruhla. 4. überarbeitete Auflage. Verlag + Druckerei Löhr, Ruhla 2006. Deutsch - German
Address: Tropfsteinhöhle, Bergstraße, 99842 Ruhla OT Kittelsthal, Cell: +49-160-94450973. E-mail:
Naturpark-, Geopark- und Tourist Information Ruhla, Neuer Markt 1, 99842 Ruhla, Tel: +49-36929-89013. E-mail:
As far as we know this information was accurate when it was published (see years in brackets), but may have changed since then.
Please check rates and details directly with the companies in question if you need more recent info.

History

1888 first natural caverns mentioned.
1894 discovery of more caverns.
1894-1896 development as a show cave.
1918 first electric light.
1924 Mining in Wolfsberg hill ends for economic reasons.
1945-1954 closed to the public because of safety reasons.
1954 restoration of the entrance tunnel and reopening of the show cave.
1966 The Raimund family sells the cave to the community of Kittelsthal.
1968 collapse of the ceiling in the area called the Drei Gleichen. Cave closed because of security reasons.
1980 after another collapse in the mining part, the Bergsicherung (mining security) started stabilizing the mine.
1991 restoration of the show cave.
11-SEP-1992 reopening of the show cave.

Description

The main feature of the cave: helictites.
The biggest formation in the cave.

The Kittelsthaler Tropfsteinhöhle (Kittelsthal Dripstone Cave) is quite an unusual combination of cave and mine. It is indeed a karst cave, and that is why we have listed it as a show cave, but it was discovered by mining in 1888. After more rooms were discovered in 1894, apparently it is a group of small caves, the caves were developed and opened to the public in 1896. It was apparently still in operation as a show cave during the Second World War, but it was closed in 1945. In 1954, it was reopened after renovations. In 1966, the Raimund family sold the cave to the municipality of Kittelsthal. In 1968, a collapse occurred and mountain safety measures became necessary. Because of the rather low number of visitors and the unpredictable risks, it was closed. Nevertheless, it was further explored by the Kittelsthal cave research group and various new discoveries were made.

Eventually, a tunnel collapsed right next to the cave restaurant. Therefore, from 1980 onwards, Bergsicherung Ilfeld carried out safety measures in the cave and the mining parts above it. These safety measures for the old mine lasted a decade and were not completed until after the fall of the Wall. Adits were backfilled, concrete seals were installed, and sections were secured with anchors. Now that safety was guaranteed, the municipality planned to reopen the show cave as its biggest attraction. With little financial means, the cave was renovated with ABM workers and reopened after only one and a half years in 1992. However, it was closed for two years because of the Corona pandemic, but is now open all year round.

Mining followed an ore-bearing fissure and so today you climb down a long staircase of 228 steps in this fissure. During the descent the visitor reaches several times natural cavities, which are decorated with rather unspectacular but sometimes quite extraordinary cave minerals. Worth mentioning from a touristic point of view is the 3.5 m high stalagmite called pyramid in the Great Grotto. Much more interesting, however, are the helictites, the calcite crystals, hidden in wall niches, and the baryte gangue.

The area around Thal is a karst region and has many caves, most of which are small. In addition, they are often filled in with sediments. Caves such as the Ritterhöhle, the Hohle Stein, or the Backofenloch have been known and accessible for a long time. And cavities were also frequently discovered during mining and often used as a practical opportunity to store overburden. Mining for copper-bearing ore veins was carried out underground and also in open casts, with varying success. Later, gypsum was also mined. In the 19th century, baryte (barite) and fluorite (fluorspar) became economically interesting.

The mine was operated by Steiger Hess, and the preservation of the cavities is thanks to him, as he recognised their show value and stopped filling them. He was responsible for the development and became the first cave guide. He even installed gas lighting. It was not until more than 20 years later that the lighting was converted to electricity. In true style, the lamps were fitted with green plants and garden gnomes. During this time, the cave was called the Thaler Tropfsteinhöhle or Tropfsteinhöhle bei Thal (Stalactite Cave near Thal).